Deciphering the blueprint
In every living organism, the DNA within each cell imparts the instructions dictating its functionality.
Genes, the components of DNA, play a crucial role in determining an animal's traits, such as height, hair color, horn growth, and susceptibility or resistance to diseases. These traits are often inherited from one generation to the next, with some being deemed more favorable than others.
In the realm of agriculture, intentional animal breeding and traditional selection processes aim to perpetuate the most desirable attributes in successive generations. Since the early days of animal domestication, farmers have selectively bred animals based on traits considered valuable. Over the course of thousands of years, farmers have employed trial and error to raise superior, healthy food animals without compromising the inherent qualities they possess.